Carroll County has been ranked 67th for the most vulnerable counties in the nation at risk for an outbreak of HIV and/or Hepatitis C (HEP C)42 among persons who inject drugs. Of the 120 counties in Kentucky, 36 are ranked in the top 100 at risk, and 54, or nearly half, are in the top 220 counties across the nation identified at risk42.  One of the primary objectives of the Hep C Elimination Plan in Kentucky is to increase and improve equitable access to harm reduction services across social and demographic areas particularly among people who use drugs. Along the I-71 corridor from Northern Kentucky to Jefferson County, there are no Syringe programs until you arrive in the Louisville area43.

According to the 2021 Kentucky Drug Overdose Deaths Report, Carroll County had an age adjusted mortality rate of 111.88 per 100,000 persons44.